China will reduce its highway cargo volume as it adjusts its
transportation structure to reduce pollution, an official with the
Ministry of Transport said on Monday.
China aims to increase its cargo volume on national railways by 1.1
billion metric tons and on waterways by 500 million tons. It will also
reduce the cargo volume on highways linked to coastal ports by 440
million tons from now to 2020, said Liu Xiaoming, vice-minister of
Speaking at a news briefing hosted by the State Council Information
Office, Liu said speeding up changes to the transportation structure is
important for pollution prevention and control.
The emissions of freight vehicles on highways, especially medium-and
heavy-duty diesel trucks, is a major source of air pollution. However,
China's highway cargo volume has nearly doubled since 2008, which is not
reasonable, he said.
According to Liu, the country expects to cut its emissions of
nitrogen oxide by 1.1 million tons and fine particulate matter by 55,000
tons through transportation structure adjustments over three years.
Efforts will be undertaken to promote road-rail transport solutions
for deliveries into cities, and to increase the number of delivery
vehicles using new energy, he said, adding that 80 percent of new and
upgraded delivery vehicles in cities are expected to be powered by clean
fuels by 2020.
By 2020, the national railway freight volume is expected to reach
4.79 billion tons, with mass commodities accounting for more than 90
percent of that, according to Li Wenxin, deputy general manager of China
Zhou Xiaofei, deputy secretary-general of the National Development
and Reform Commission, said public sharing of transportation information
will also be part of the work to raise transportation efficiency.